Saco, ME Profile: Facts & Data


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Saco, Maine - Basic Facts

The City of Saco is the 8th largest city in Maine with a population of 20,155 as of July 1, 2020. Saco ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Maine. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Saco is located at latitude 43.5009 and longitude -70.4428 in York County. The formal boundaries for the City of Saco encompass a land area of 38.46 sq. miles and a water area of 14.3 sq. miles. York County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 66 feet.

The City of Saco (GNIS ID: 582705) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Saco: Sawaguatock, Sawco, Sawguatock, Shawacotoc, Shawakotock, Shawocotuck.


Saco, ME Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 20,155 (100%)
Population in Households 19,745 (98.0%)
Population in Families 15,172 (75.3%)
Population in Group Quarters1 410 ( 2.0%)
Population Density 524
Diversity Index2 15


Median Household Income $65,609
Average Household Income $85,511
% of Income for Mortgage4 17%
Per Capita Income $35,979
Wealth Index5 92


Total HU (Housing Units) 9,407 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 5,663 (60.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,810 (29.9%)
Vacant Housing Units 934 ( 9.9%)
Median Home Value $268,389
Average Home Value $296,958
Housing Affordability Index3 121


Total Households 8,473
Average Household Size 2.33
Family Households 5,317
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.85% 0.76%
Households 1.04% 0.9%
Families 0.75% 0.73%
Median Household Income   1.44%
Per Capita Income   1.93%
Owner Occupied HU   0.88%


Saco, ME - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Saco to the other 130 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Maine by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 8 95th
Population Density # 62 53rd
Median Household Income # 30 78th
Housing Affordability Index # 30 23rd
Per Capita Income # 28 79th
Diversity Index # 34 75th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Maine Census Data Comparison Tool.

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