Biddeford, ME Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Biddeford, Maine - Basic Facts

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The City of Biddeford is the 6th largest city in Maine with a population of 22,001 as of July 1, 2017. Biddeford ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Maine. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Biddeford is located at latitude 43.4387 and longitude -70.3929 in York County. The formal boundaries for the City of Biddeford (see map below) encompass a land area of 30.08 sq. miles and a water area of 29 sq. miles. York County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 69 feet.

The City of Biddeford (GNIS ID: 582353) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Biddeford population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Biddeford, ME Boundary Map

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Biddeford, ME Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 22,001
Daytime Population: Workers 12,421
Daytime Population: Residents 9,460
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 21,881
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.99
Population in Households 20,445
Population in Familes 14,395
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,556
Population Density2 731
Diversity Index3 18


Median Household Income $46,206
Average Household Income $62,283
Per Capita Income $26,504


Total Housing Units 10,482 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,124 (39.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,822 (46.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,536 (14.7%)
Median Home Value $236,334
Average Home Value $280,516


Total Households 8,946
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 5,086
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.46% 0.46%
Households 0.55% 0.56%
Families 0.31% 0.41%
Median Household Income   4.14%
Per Capita Income   3.41%

Biddeford, ME - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Biddeford to the other 130 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Maine by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 6 96th
Population Density # 40 70th
Diversity Index # 21 85th
Median Household Income # 61 54th
Per Capita Income # 60 55th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Maine Census Data Comparison Tool.

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